Thesis

80 Chapter 3 for them. Particularly teammembers of the discipline of case managers of re-integration services overall evaluated MCD lower, yet most still positive, relative to other disciplines. In our qualitative data, we noted how circumstances, such as work pressure, played a role in the research period of these teams and may have influenced their experiences. It could be that MCD was not the most suitable intervention for them at that moment. RECOMMENDATIONS Ethics support for prison staff Various disciplines within the prison staff appreciated the dedicated time for reflections on morally challenging situations from prison work. MCD seems a suitable tool for prison staff to not only help them deal with moral dilemmas, but also to help avoid acting on improper intuitions (Van Houwelingen et al., 2015) or on unchallenged views based on ‘this is the way things are done around here’ (Liebling, 2000). The in-depth reflections fostered by MCD and its facilitators created new insights for prison staff on what acting good means in their job. The results of this study show enough reasons to continue using MCD within prison context. Yet, the current MCD sessions and their evaluations were part of the craftsmanship program which had ended. In order to continue to foster and strengthen the moral craftsmanship of prison staff, ESS should perhaps be understood as a permanent part of professional work in prison (i.e., and not as a temporary project). The built-up experience of the DCIA Education Institute by this research, could be used to continue nation-wide facilitation of ESS, such as MCD, in all Dutch prisons. Currently, research is being conducted about whether and in which degree MCD has impact on the moral craftsmanship of staff. Our results, furthermore, suggest that there is an additional need to train basic dialogical skills to the prison staff. The DCIA Education Institute could develop such a basic training for all new prison staff. At the same time, this study showed a need for more knowledge about the context and culture of working in prison for MCD facilitators. It could be worthwhile for DCIA and its Educational Institute to train prison staff to become an MCD facilitator. Moreover, the team-based differences show the importance of a responsive and continuous dialogical approach when implementing ESS such as MCD (Weidema et al., 2016). Implementing MCD should become a goal in itself: it remains essential to listen to the participants’ needs and keep their context in mind when implementing and further developing context-sensitive ethics support. What does a team need, and

RkJQdWJsaXNoZXIy MjY0ODMw