Thesis

66 Chapter 3 environments’ (Forsyth et al., 2022). The need prison staff need for dealing with complex situations seems not to be addressed. A Dutch report (Van Houwelingen et al., 2015) specifically mentioned the absence of ‘moral learning consultations’ for prison staff; it advised the Dutch Custodial Institutions Agency (DCIA) to create ethics support. e.g., by implementing MCD. From 2017 onwards, DCIA initiated a training program for their staff called craftsmanship. Part of that program was to facilitate ESS for staff by implementing MCD sessions at several Dutch prisons. To examine value of this service of MCD sessions in the context of prisons – particularly its value for the support of prison staff – we performed with DCIA and its Educational Institute an evaluation study. It is internationally the first-time prison staff used and evaluated this ESS instrument of MCD. Hence, we aim to assess broadly the MCD sessions with evaluations focused on the general experiences, MCD conversation method, role of the MCD facilitators, dialogue among participants, and organizational conditions of MCD. We aim to evaluate MCD based on participants’ and facilitators’ experiences from single MCD sessions and a series of MCD sessions. Additionally, we aim to analyze if the evaluations differentiated per professional discipline of prison staff and if evaluation scores change during a series. We aim to gain insights into prison staff’s experiences with MCD, and on aspects that may influence staff evaluations. This study can help professionalize the use of MCD and ESS in the prison context and potentially gain insights for all professional contexts on the implementation of MCD. METHODS Context of study In this mixed methods study, we followed 16 teams of 3 DCIA locations for 1.5 years per team. The MCD sessions were guided by 18 MCD facilitators who were deployed by the DCIA Educational Institute. The selection of DCIA locations was based on self-reported interests within the training program. The locations and the Educational Institute and researchers decided which teams from their institution would participate. We included various types of teams to create a broad representation of professional disciplines (Appendix 1). Only upon request of the team their supervisor attended the MCD session. Together with a local coordinator, the teams decided upon the schedule for MCD sessions; most opted for moments during regular work routines. On average, sessions took 120 minutes. At the start of each session, participants agreed to its confidentiality.

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