577530-vHouten

5 | 155 Career, family, and sport participation: a simultaneous exhibition? CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION With this study, we sought to answer the central research question: why and how do people change their sport participation during the transition to adulthood, specifically when major life events occur? Our findings, based on the analysis 1082 narrative segments derived from interviews with 46 Dutch adults, contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of the underlying mechanisms via which major life events affect sport participation during the transition to adulthood, and in what way they do so. In the next couple of paragraphs, we will draw conclusions on the central research question and discuss our findings, address the limitations of this study, propose suggestions for future research, and formulate practical implications for promoting sustained sport participation. The impact of major life events from a resource perspective Becoming and being a student, professional, partner and/or parent confronts people with new, more adult roles and demanding responsibilities and activities. This has a big impact on everyday life, resulting in experienced changes in temporal, social, physical, mental and/or economic resources and associated opportunities and constraints for sport participation (see Table 5.1 for more detailed conclusions regarding changes in resources). In line with earlier research (Allender et al., 2008; Engberg et al., 2012; Gropper et al., 2020; Hirvensalo & Lintunen, 2011), this shows that these major life events affect sport participation during the transition to adulthood. In addition, as earlier research suggested (Kraaykamp, Oldenkamp, & Breedveld, 2013; Van Houten et al., 2014, 2017, 2019), our findings illustrate that employing a resource perspective and a narrative approach are indeed contributable to get a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the relation between major life events and sport participation during the transition to adulthood, as they indicate that changes in resources play a decisive role in why and how changes in sport participation occur. Resources to participate in sport are mostly compromised by the occurrence of major life events. These resources become scarcer and scarcer, as the events generally succeed each other during the transition to adulthood and different roles, responsibilities and activities have to be fulfilled simultaneously, putting

RkJQdWJsaXNoZXIy MjY0ODMw